#146E: The mechanical "perpetual motion": - English version (polska wersja ponizej w nastepnym wpisie)
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If an excellently balanced heavy flywheel with good bearings is positioned so that its axis of rotation is parallel to the axis of the Earth's rotation, then the Earth is to revolve in relation to this flywheel, while the so-called "Coriolis effect" is to maintain the flywheel in a motionless position in relation to the rest of the universe (e.g. in relation to the entire Solar system). In the result, for a witness who stands on the Earth next to this flywheel, the wheel is going to behave like a "perpetual motion" device which makes one revolution per each day (or a revolution by 15 degrees each hour). Thus, if someone places a marker on the circumference of such a flywheel, then its perpetual rotations can be noticed visually even without the use of any gearbox which would multiply the speed of its slow rotational motion. This flywheel is also able to generate a small amount of the thrust torque. This thrust torque is equal to the momentum of inertia of the wheel itself, minus the momentum of friction on its bearings, and minus the drag momentum caused by imperfections in the gravitational balancing of the flywheel and in positioning of the axis of rotation perpendicularly to the Earth's axis of rotation. Thus, the thrust torque that is generated by this flywheel is able to generate small amount of useful energy, e.g. small amount of electricity.
Such a heavy flywheel with good bearings is to constitute a most simple for constructing, although highly illustrative kind of perpetual motion (PM) device that generates mechanical energy in the form of everlasting rotational movement. As such, it is going to have an immense historical significance. It will also generate a breakthrough in the human thinking about generators of free energy and about ideas of "perpetual motion". After all, it will prove that both, such generators of free energy, as well as perpetual motion devices, are possible to be build after all, and in fact they generate energy completely for free. In this way the flywheel is going to disclose the intentional misleading hidden behind claims of the official human science that such devices can never be build.
In 2004 I visited a tower from the Basilica in Frombork (Poland). This tower is famous because it was in it that the Polish astronomical genius, Miko³aj Kopernik (Nicolas Copernicus) used to work. During the time of my visit, this tower was turned into a museum of the physical-astronomical character. An exhibit from this museum that especially attracted my attention was a massive pendulum which illustrated the action of so-called "Coriolis effect". Namely, the pendulum was made to swing infinitively. However, apart from the swinging motion, it also displayed the rotary motion. The rotational velocity of this rotary motion amounted to just one rotation per day. In order to sustain its swinging, the pendulum was continually supplied with energy impulses. But it did NOT receive any energy to sustain its rotary motion. This means, that the rotary motion was sustained by the energy that it received from the "Coriolis effect". In other words, that pendulum from the tower in the Frombork's Basilica was a first prototype that illustrated the principle of the perpetually rotating flywheel described here. Only that, because this pendulum carried out two kinds of motion simultaneously, it make impossible the interception of energy from it, that was supplied by the Coriolis effect. But the flywheel described here makes possible, and even easy, the interception of this energy. Also the flywheel does NOT require any energy supply. Thus in fact it is a good example of a so-called "perpetual motion" (PM) device.
On the basis of that pendulum from Frombork, which rotated continually just by itself upon the action of the Coriolis effect, already now we can conclude, that the mechanical "perpetual motion" (PM) described here must also work in practice. After all, the action of the Coriolis effect is confirmed on countless number of cases, not just only on the case of that pendulum from Frombork. Unfortunately, the PM described here is not much useful in practice as a source of free energy, because of its small thrust torque and highly awkward rotational velocity that amounts to just a single rotation per day. (The thrust torque of the flywheel described here is relatively small, because equal to just a momentum of inertia of it, minus the momentum of friction on its bearings, and minus the breaking momentum which originates from imperfections in the balancing and in the precision of pointing the axis of rotation.) However, in spite of its small practical usefulness, this flywheel still is worth of building, because of its awareness, psychological, educational, and inspirational values.
Of course, as every other "perpetual motion" device, such a flywheel rotated by the action of the Coriolis effect will have a huge value as a technological curiosity and as an illustration for the correctness of the idea for this kind of devices. After all, its everlasting rotations by 15 degrees each hour, and by 1 rotation each day, will prove to everyone who is to see it, that perpetual motion devices can be build after all, and that our science to date, as usual, also this time was at wrong when it declared categorically that such devices will NEVER work.
Just for this reason I personally suggested that such a perpetually rotating flywheel is installed in the future museum of free and renewable energy in Wszewilki (or in Milicz). The organising such a museum I am lobbying inhabitants of these settlements for quite a time. My proposals as to what generators of free energy should be exhibited in such a museum from Wszewilki, are described in item #F4.1 from the update of the web page "wszewilki_jutra_uk.htm" (about dreams of better future for the village of Wszewilki) dated 27 February 2008, or later.
The usefulness of the flywheel described here as a highly educational exhibit for any possible museum, is also increased by the fact, that this flywheel can be build by local tradesmen for practically every museum. Thus, with a bit of local patriotism, such a flywheel can be completed in there either completely free of charge as the altruistic deed of local tradesmen, or just for a small cost that would cover prices of materials.
The construction of the perpetually rotating flywheel described here is relatively simple. It suffices to recover from a junkyard an old flywheel together with the permanent axel to which it is attached, or retrieve any heavy wheel (with an axel) that is well balanced - e.g. a large railway wheel. Then this flywheel needs to be supplied in good bearings so that its axel is parallel to the axis of Earth's rotation. For this, the axis of its rotation should be positioned exactly along the line of geographical south-north, and also this axis should be slanted vertically by the angle that is equal to the geographical latitude of the place in which this flywheel is to be assembled. For example, for such flywheels assembled on the territory of Poland, the angle of their slanting towards horizontal should amount somewhere between 49 and 55 degrees - depending on the exact location of the place in which someone is going to build it. After it is assembled, the flywheel needs to be check for its precise balancing in the angular positioning, and for the easiness of its rotations. If it is balanced precisely and easily rotating, any marking made on its circumference is going to indicate that this flywheel in fact does rotate all by itself by one rotation per each full day.
For a better illustration of the actual rotations of the flywheel described here, the axel that rotates together with it can be coupled with a multiplying gearbox for a "flywheel pointer". The function of such a multiplying gearbox can be performed by a mechanism that is dismantled from an old and unused clock. This is because mechanisms of such old clocks frequently were constructed for the gear ratio 1:1440 (1440 = 24x60). Thus, when a single rotation per day is supplied at the input to the multiplying gearbox with such a ratio, then one rotation per minute is received at the exit from it. This means that the "flywheel pointer" (preferably of a large size) attached to the exit from such a multiplying gearbox, is going to rotate with the speed clearly noticeable to human eyes. The rotational velocity of such a "flywheel pointer" would be equal to the speed with which in present watches rotates the pointer of seconds.
Of course, the biggest challenge for the builders of such flywheel would be to transform it into an electricity generator. After all, in order to be able to operate as an electricity generator, it needs to be supplied into a gearbox which its just one revolution per day would multiply into some useful rotations which would be able to generate electricity. Fortunately, this challenge is purely theoretical, as the energy efficiency of such a single flywheel is so small, that it is NOT worth of effort to turn it into an energy generator. Thus such a change into an electricity generator would only have a value as a proof which documents to everyone that this flywheel is in fact able to generate free electricity - in spite that the official human science claimed categorically that such generation of free electricity is absolutely impossible. But the amount of electricity that it would generate in practice would be too small in order to justify its practical application for an industrial scale. However, the illustrative proving that this flywheel generates some free electricity after all, would have an inspiring value. This is because it would motivate people to seek other principles of operation for perpetual motion devices, which would be able to generate much higher amounts of electrical energy.
In order to enable such a perpetually rotating flywheel to propel a small generator of electricity, a large multiplying gearbox would need to be coupled with the axel of it. This gearbox would need to multiply one rotation per day of the flywheel, into at least one rotation per second of the rotor of the electricity generator. This means that such a gearbox would need to have the multiplying gear ratio of at least 1:86400. This in turn means, that if such a multiplying gearbox is based on mechanical principles of operation - as this was done in old clocks, then only its loses for friction would consume an entire thrust torque generated by the flywheel. Also in practice such a gearbox would typically self-jam and thus it would be unable to carry out the motion because of its inner friction. In turn a possible hydraulic device would have larger leaks than the output from the pumping efficiency generated by the motion of this flywheel.
To summarise, although as a useful source of free energy, the single flywheel working in the way described above is rather of no much use. However, in my opinion it still has a revolutionary significance. After all, it illustratively proves that in fact there are principles of operation which are able to supply perpetual motion to people for free. Thus the flywheel constitutes a visual proof for the correctness of the idea of perpetual motion devices. Furthermore, it supplies a starting device for future working out the entire systems of such flywheels which are to yield energy more efficiently. As such, the single flywheel described here has immense significance as a historical and museum curiosity, as a teaching aid, as a source of inspiration which is to drive further searches for more useful principles of operation for perpetual motion devices, and as a breakthrough in our thinking.
Above descriptions of the flywheel which perpetually rotates propelled with the "Coriolis effect" "sonic boiler" originally are presented in item #F1 from the web page named "free_energy.htm", update of 3 March 2008, or later. Briefly the same flywheel was summarized in item #F4.1 from the web page "wszewilki_jutra_uk.htm", update of 27 February 2008, or later. The web page "free_energy.htm" should be available from following addresses – if it was not sabotaged in there by evil powers that recently rampage over the internet.
Let totalizm prevail,